EDICIóN GENERAL

Informe Mundial sobre Salarios 2018/2019: ¿Qué tan grande es la brecha salarial de género en su país?

#7 Ya he encontrado la manera de hacerlo. Copio y pego primero para que cualquiera tenga acceso fácil a ello, en un ejemplo que hacen en un cuadro amarillo en la página 37:

A factor-weighted gender pay gap is arrived at by first selecting a set of indicators (factors), which are important determinants of wage structures, to cluster women and men in comparable subgroups. Four factors have been highlighted as particularly relevant for the purpose, and easily available in most survey databases. These are “education”, “age”, “working-time status” (that is, full time versus part time) and “private-sector versus public-sector employment”. These factors are applied to distribute the sample into subgroups. It is preferable to keep the number of subgroups reasonably small so that one does not end up with subgroups where a few indi-viduals, who may or may not be representative of their group, dominate the outcome. Using the proposed four factors, the variables “education” and “age” are divided into four categories each. The variables “full-time versus part-time” and “private versus public sector” already define two categories each. Altogether, then, these four factors generate a total of (at most) 64 subgroups, as the result of interacting 4 × 4 × 2 × 2 major subgroups. Once the subgroups are formed, the next step is to estimate the subgroup-specific gender pay gap for each – using mean and median, respectively.

Y ahora mi opinión: Puede ser más detallado que simplemente hablar de una brecha salarial general en un país, pero sigue fallando en lo mismo: No tiene en cuenta el factor de que hombres y mujeres tienen una distribución dispar en distintos sectores. Solo tiene en cuenta el nivel de educación y rango de edad.

Si eso os vale, perfecto, pero no desmonta el clásico (y válido) argumento de que se mezclan peras y manzanas.

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